To say Indonesian language (bahasa) doesn’t have tenses is not true. Definitely, we have ways to express time frame in bahasa. However, if you are native english then you will think that bahasa is weird in terms of tenses. More extreme case, probably native english will just simply say no tenses at all in bahasa.
Why is that like that?
The main reason is we do not change verb in order to express time specific. For example, the past form of ‘go’ is ‘went’. That is not the case in bahasa. “Go” and “went” are one word that is “pergi”. Whether we say it now or yesterday, it make no difference at all. Now, do you understand?
It give rise another question. How do people know if they talk about now or past. Well, for ordinary conversation, we can simply know it by context. For case of writing, then we need to be specific by using adverb of time. Adverb of time is enough to give description about the happening event.
Alright,…enough for now since I am sleepy